John was 26 years old at the time of his marriage in the church of St. Mary, Plympton:


23 Aug 1858 John Tapson Full Bachelor Accountant


Parish of Charles, Plymouth (Father: Ebsworthy Tapson, Grocer)

Elizabeth Ann MacFarlane Full Widow


Plympton St. Mary (Father: Richard Hill, Gentleman) by Licence in the presence of Ebsworthy Tapson & Edmund Crese.


The births of two daughters were registered in Plymouth R.D.: Catherine Hill in 1859, Q2, and Annie Hill in 1860, Q3. The births of two more children were registered in the very large registrar’s district of St. Thomas, which covers the area around Exeter: John Richard Hill in 1862, Q2, and Rosa Hill in 1865, Q3. The family were back in the Plymouth area by the time of the 1871 census, when they were included in the return for Stoke Damerel (PRO RG10/2137 Fo. 5): at 4 Earls Acre, Milehouse Rd.


The family’s address is given more fully in THORNE’S THREE TOWNS’ DIRECTORY 1873, the three towns being Plymouth, East Stonehouse and Devonport (page 217); John’s name appears under Stoke and Morice Town:


Tapson John, accountant, Hill Field House, Alma Place, Earl’s Acre, Stoke

John is also listed at the same address in the Court section of Kelly’s 1873 directory for Devonshire.


Rosa Hill died in 1878 and was buried in Ford Park Cemetery:


16 Mar 1878 Rosa Hill Tapson 6 Albert Road, Plymouth (St. Andrew) 12 2 / 3 yrs

And Catherine Hill married John Foot in 1879, Q4 (Plymouth R.D.). Elizabeth and her unmarried daughter, Annie Hill, appear in the 1881 census for Plymouth St. Andrew (PRO RG11/2199 Fo. 116): at 2 Alvington Place.


Annie Hill had a Christmas Day wedding in the Plymouth church of St. Andrew:


25 Dec 1883 Charles Henry Mullard 28 Bachelor Accountant


3 Alvington Place (Father: William Mullard, Commercial Traveller)

Annie Hill Tapson 22 Spinster


26 Cambridge Road, Ford (Father: John Tapson. Mason) by Sup 1 Reg s Certificate in the presence of Ann Mullard & William Peter Henry White

It is strange that John should be described as a Mason in this marriage entry.


The Will of John Tapson dated 17 November 1896


This is the last Will and Testament of me John Tapson of N° 3 Hobart Terrace Plymouth Manager of the Bedford Brewery there. I give unto my Daughter Catherine Hill Foot my household goods and furniture and to my Son John Richard Hill Tapson I give my gold Watch and chain and as respects my freehold house and premises in Young’s Terrace Compton Gifford my monies shares in Public or other Companies bonds and all such real and residuary personal estate as I may die seized or possessed of I give and devise the same unto my Executrix hereinafter named Upon trust to sell and reduce into money such parts as shall not consist of money and to divide the net proceeds and my monies equally between herself the said Catherine Hill Foot my Daughter Annie Hill Mullard and my Son John Richard Hill Tapson in equal shares as tenants in common. I appoint my said Daughter Catherine Hill Foot to be the sole Executrix of this my Will. In witness whereof / have to this my last Will set my hand this seventeenth day of November One thousand eight hundred and ninety six


John Tapson


John died at Plymouth on 21 December 1896; his age was correctly given as 64. He was buried at Ford Park Cemetery:


24 Dec 1896 John Tapson 3 Hobart Terrace Plymouth (Charles) 64


Probate of John’s will was granted on 22 January 1897 to Catherine Hill Foot (Wife of John Foot), his effects being valued at £787 – 9 – 8.


It comes as a surprise that no mention was made of his wife, Elizabeth Ann, in John’s will; her death had not been registered when the will was written, and the only death subsequently registered which could possibly refer to her was in 1904, Q4 (Islington R.D.), when an Elizabeth Ann died at the age of 83, which is reasonably consistent with the age given for John’s wife in the census returns. In view of the fact that she was not with John at the time of the 1881 census (no trace of him or of his son, John Richard Hill, at that date has so far been found), one suspects that there may have been a breakdown in the marriage.


John Richard Hill also seems to have moved to the London area, for the marriage of a John Richard H. Tapson was registered in 1897, Q2 (West Ham R.D.) The death was registered (also West Ham R.D.) in 1904, Q3, of a Lydia Tapson, Aged 40, presumably John Richard Hill’s wife; he would have been 42 years old at the time. Two years later, in 1906, Q4, another marriage was registered (St. George, Hanover Square R.D.) of a John Richard H. Tapson; this would seem to have been John Richard Hill’s second marriage. There do not appear to have been any children of the first marriage; certainly no birth was registered in the West Ham R.D. during the period of that marriage.




[It’s in the nature of a book such as Bob’s, with several hundred years’ worth of official records scoured to produce the basics of our ancestors’ lives, that there is little by way of narrative. The longest pieces of prose are the wills, which is why I am reproducing so many of them. They present something of the family and historical settings.]

The Will of Ebsworthy Tapson dated 14 December 1864

This is the last Will and Testament of me Ebsworthy Tapson of the Borough of Launceston in the County of Cornwall Carpenter and Shopkeeper I bequeath unto my Wife Mary all money which may be in my house and standing to my credit in any Bank and all the household furniture and stock in trade in my business of a Shopkeeper, all debts which may be due and owing to me except the debts if any which either of my Children may owe me I give and bequeath to my said Wife the annual income which may arise from a sum of Two hundred pounds which by a certain Policy of Assurance will become due and payable at my death from the Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation Society . I give to my said Executors power to invest the said money arising from the said Policy and empower them to pay over the annual income arising therefrom as aforesaid I give devise and bequeath unto my Executors hereinafter named all those Messuages Tenements and Dwelling houses situate in Back Lane within the Borough aforesaid Upon Trust to pay over the annual rents arising therefrom unto my said Wife during her life but I declare that such annual rents as well as the annual income arising from the aforesaid sum of Two hundred pounds shall not be paid to my Wife in the event of her marrying again after my decease and on the decease or second marriage of my said Wife I direct that the said sum of Two hundred pounds and the whole of my said houses shall become the property of such of my Children as shall be then living their heirs and assigns share and share alike as tenants in common and not as joint Tenants Subject nevertheless that the share of each of such Children shall have deducted therefrom such sum as they shall respectively owe me at the time of my decease which sums so owing to me at the present time are as follows from my son James Fifty Pounds and from my son John Fifty pounds I direct that the shares which may become due to either of my Daughters shall be for her sole use independently of her husband . I appoint my said Wife and John Powell of Launceston aforesaid Grocer Joint Executors of this my Will hereby revoking all former Wills In Witness whereof I the said Ebsworthy Tapson have hereto set my hand this fourteenth day of December One thousand eight hundred and sixty four – Ebsworthy Tapson

In a codicil dated 8 November 1867 Ebsworthy revoked for good and special reasons the provision that the sum of fifty pounds be deducted from the share of each of his two sons James and John. The witnesses to the codicil were William Tapson Grocer and Dorcas Tapson, the son and daughter-in-law of his brother James. Ebsworthy died on 21 November 1867 at Launceston; he was interred at St. Thomas by Launceston Wesleyan Cemetery:

26 Nov 1867 Ebsworthy Tapson Launceston 77

Ebsworthy’s age given here, as in the census returns, suggests that he was born about 1790. His will and its codicil were proved at Bodmin on 30 December 1867; effects were valued at under £450.



ROBERT TAPSON, ROYAL ARTILLERY, GUNNER [The sad story of a short life. PTSD?]


Robert was just 19 when he enlisted into the Royal Artillery. A Royal Chelsea Hospital Document (PRO W097/1838) gives details of his military career:


Leith Fort 26 May 1874


Discharge of 972 Gunner Robert Tapson


16 years 44 days service (l P/12 year abroad in India)


Discharge — unfit for further service


Conduct has been Very Good and he is in possession of three Good Conduct Badges

His name appears three times in the Regimental Defaulters Book

He has never been tried by Court-Martial


A Medical Report is attached to the service record:

  1. a) Dyspepsia b) Eczema


It is possible that the Dyspepsia has been aggravated by drinking and that the Eczema is of a Syphilitic origin. The disease is likely to be permanent. Will not be able to contribute in any way towards livelyhood [sic].


No 972 Gunner Robert Tapson, by Trade a Shop-man, was born in the parish of Plymouth, Devon, and attested for the Royal Arty Reg at Woolwich, Kent, on 13 April 1858 at the age of 19 years.

Discharged at Leith Fort 15 June 1874

Age 35 Height 5 feet 7 inches

Complexion Fair Eyes Blue Hair Fair Trade Shopman

Intended Place of Residence Arundell Hotel, Litton, Devon


Robert, who did not marry, is shown in the 1881 census for Litton (page 200) living at Fore Street, Lifton, with his retired father, his widowed sister and her two daughters. It is clear from Robert’s medical report at the time of his discharge from the Royal Artillery on 15 June 1874 that his father had not then retired from the Arundell Arms. The fact that Robert’s sister Mary and brother William were given responsibility in their father’s will for making a weekly allowance to Robert might seem to suggest that Christopher considered Robert to be incapable of handling money wisely, especially if the implication in his medical report that he was a heavy drinker was well founded. However, an alternative explanation is that Robert’s health had further deteriorated and it was thought that he was unlikely to live long; for he died, at Lifton, within a year of the will being written. His death certificate* states that he died on 29 April 1881 of heart disease aged 42 years, that he was a Royal Artillery Pensioner, and that his father, Christopher Tapson, was present at his death; his age was accurately recorded on his death certificate. It is probable that the period of 11 years which Robert spent in India took its toll upon his health and was as much responsible for his medical condition as was his way of life, which itself was no doubt a consequence of the difficulties of living in that subcontinent. Robert was buried at Lifton.

Royal Artillery India 19th Century

THE BIG RED BOOK 19: further afield


The marriage of Nicholas to Emma Clay was registered in 1866, Q1 (Islington R.D.). The birth of their first child was registered at Hackney:

12 Dec 1866 Mark, son of Nicholas Tapson, Tailor Master, & Emma Tapson, formerly Clay, 4 Romsey Terrace, South Hackney

The birth of an Emma Tapson was registered in 1868, Q3 (Woolwich R.D.); although, to establish with certainty whether she was another child of Nicholas and Emma, her birth certificate would be needed, her name suggests that she probably was, especially since it is known that Nicholas and Emma were living in Woolwich by 1887, when Nicholas was listed in Kelly’s Post Office Directory for Kent:
Tapson N. Herbert road, Woolwich

Emma’s death was registered in 1876, Q3 (Woolwich R.D.); her age was given as 7.

Both Nicholas and his wife were included in Kelly’s 1888 Post Office Directoiy for
London, Southern Suburbs:

Tapson Nicholas, tailor, 143 Herbert road, Woolwich
Tapson Emma (Mrs), dressma, 143 Herbert road, Woolwich
and they were shown at the same address in the 1891 census for Plumstead (PRO RG12/536 Fo. 88):
143 Herbert Rd

Nicholas Tapson Head Mar 50 Tailor Devon, Stowford

Emma Tapson Wife Mar 53 Dressmaker Middlesex, Hanks (?)

Nicholas’s age given here establishes that he was the eldest son of John and Elizabeth, bom very nearly 50 years earlier.
Nicholas was actually bom at Marystow; his mistake in the census about his place of birth was no doubt due to the fact that his parents moved to Broadwoodwidger when he was still a small child, but had settled in Stowford by the time he was 9 years old.

Nicholas’s name does not appear in Kelly’s 1894 Post Office Directory for London,
Southern Suburbs, though his wife is still listed:

Tapson Emma (Mrs), dresma, 204 Herbert rd, Woolwich
Nicholas’s death was registered in 1913, Q4 (Woolwich R.D.), when his age was correctly given as 72.
The Emma Tapson, Aged 82 whose death was registered in 1918, Q2 (Wandsworth R.D.), was probably his widow, though her age, to be consistent with that given in the 1891 census, should have been recorded as 80 or 81.


THE BIG RED BOOK 18: peppercorn rent

Nicholas, the second surviving son of William Tapson [of Launceston], married Mary Walter in 1784 at Stowford, where their thirteen Children, Elizabeth, Ann, Mary, John, Charlotte, Nicholas, Jenny, William, Robert, Catherine, Ebsworthy, Emlin and Christopher were all baptized. The baptismal entry for Nicholas’s wife also appears in the Stowford parish register (but is much more legible in the bishop’s transcripts):

3 Mar 1761 Mary dau of John & Elizabeth Walters

Mary was about six years younger than Nicholas.

On 1 October 1770 Nicholas’s father, William, in association with William Spry of
Thrushelton and John Hall of Stowford, had taken out a one-year lease on Parish Land at Over Spry (WDRO 891/615) for a rent described as One Pepper Corn. Over Spry was probably land on high ground overlooking Spry Town, a hamlet about one and a half miles south-west of Stowford village and immediately to the south of Barbaryball, William’s main holding; the hamlet was called Sprei in the Domesday Book of 1086. William and his associates did not retain the lease of the Parish Land for long, because in the earliest of the surviving land tax assessment returns, those of 1780 to 1783, the occupier was named as John Walter (perhaps Nicholas’s father-in-law). The land tax assessments for 1784 to 1786 are missing, but by 1787 Nicholas had acquired the lease (page 167). Extracts from the
Stowford land tax returns already given (pages 167, 168) show that he was still farming the Parish Land in 1811. Nicholas continued to farm the Parish Land until his death in 1813; in 1812 he also took a one-year lease on Spry Mills.




One event in William’s life has been recorded by Alfred F. Robbins on page 309 of his book Launceston Past and Present published in 1888. Discussing crime in Launceston during the early part of the century, the author cites the following case:


A still more striking instance of the ease with which those guilty of murder escaped the gallows, while a multitude of lesser offenders were hurried into eternity, was afforded in 1814.

An execution for rent had been “put in” at Higher Bamham, and the Sheriff’s officers went on a Saturday to levy distress. They found the door to be locked, and, having waited until the next day and still gained no admittance, they called upon the borough constables (then chosen annually from among the inhabitants) to assist them to break open the door. The constables (Samuel Jory, a Broad Street tradesman, Joshua Farthing, a sergeant of militia, and William Tapson, keeper of the Plymouth Dock, now the Devonport, Inn) went to Bamham on the Sunday accordingly, and were preparing to force an entrance, the farmer and his two sons being within, when Jory was shot dead through the doorway. Nothing daunted, the remaining constables made their way in and arrested the three, who were committed to the assizes at Bodmin charged with the murder.



The Will of John Tapson dated 13 June 1862


This is the last Will and Testament of me John Tapson of Cannon Barn in the parish of Thrushelton in the County of Devon Farmer and being now of sound mind I make the following disposition of all my property as below. I t To my Sister Mrs Ann Rice I bequeath All my leasehold Cottages situate in the Village of Lew Down in the parish of Lewtrenchard in the County of Devon. 2°ndly To my Sister Mrs Mary Hamley of Higher Mills I bequeath All my Cottages situate on Holster Yard in the parish of Marystowe in the County of Devon together with the sum of Fifteen pounds in money of the Realm. 3rdly To each of my Nephews (to wit) George Rice, John Rice and John Hamley I bequeath respectively the sum of Twenty five pounds and to each of my nieces (to wit) Catherine Hamley, Mary Hamley, Joanna Hamley, Ann Rice and Catherine Rice I bequeath respectively the sum of Twenty five pounds. 4thlyy To my neice Mary Rice I bequeath all my Goods and Chattels together with my real and personal Estate subject to the above conditions and I hereby appoint her whole and sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my name this thirteenth day of June One thousand eight hundred and sixty two. John Tapson


We learn from this will that each of John’s two sisters had children. George Rice, whose name appears in the 1841 census for Cannon Bam, was one of Ann’s sons, and two of her daughters, Mary and Catherine, are listed in the 1861 return for Cannon Bam. Ann and her husband, George, lived in Lewtrenchard, the parish immediately to the south of Thrushelton parish, in which were situated the cottages which John bequeathed to Ann; the hamlet of Lew Down, the address of the cottages, is on the old A30, less than a mile north-west of Lewtrenchard village. The cottages which John bequeathed to his other sister, Mary, were at Holster Yard in Marystow, the address in the 1851 census of John’s second cousin Elizabeth Doidge.


John died on 19 June 1862 at the age of 58, six days after making his will; his death certificate* records that he was a farmer and that he died at Lifton of heart disease. John’s body was taken back to Stowford where he was buried on 24 June 1862. Two months later, on 26 August 1862, his will was proved at Exeter by the oath of Mary Rice, Spinster, Niece of the deceased, and his effects were valued at under £600. John’s was only the fourth Tapson will to be proved in the civil probate court, which took over probate matters from the ecclesiastical courts on 11 January 1858. The opening formula of the earlier wills, committing the soul of the testator to God and his body to a decent burial, has now been abandoned, the language has become more concise and the layout considerably more logical. It is interesting that, like his father and baby brother and then his mother, John was buried at Stowford. His father, although born in Stowford, had moved to Thrushelton when he was 17 years old, or soon afterwards, and the others were all born in, and spent their lives in, Thrushelton; yet they still retained an attachment to Stowford. Also taken back to Stowford for burial were William and Ann of Launceston and John and Mary Ann of Tamerton Foliot.

Headstones survive for Robert Tapson of Cannon Bara (died 13 November 1808), his widow Catherine (died 18 July 1856), and their sons Robert (died 23 February 1810) and John (died 19 June 1862).


autumn_path THRUSHELTON




The parish of Stowford lies due west of Bridestowe parish, from which it is separated by Thrushelton parish. Immediately west of Stowford parish is the parish of Lifton, of which the western boundary is the river Tamar separating Devonshire from Cornwall. Just beyond the Tamar is the ancient Cornish market town of Launceston; this is the town towards which, as we shall see, many of the Tapsons of Stowford gravitated. The villages of Sourton, Bridestowe, Thrushelton, Stowford and Litton all lie close to the old A30 as it proceeds westwards from Okehampton, the nearest town for the Tapsons of Bridestowe, to Launceston.

The old name of Launceston, Dunheved, indicates that it was a fortified place in Celtic times; this is the purport of the Celtic word dun. Launceston has had a castle since Saxon times; there may still be some remnants of the Norman castle, but most of the present remains date from the time of Henry VIII. Launceston was formerly the county town of Cornwall, where the assizes were held; the assizes were later held at both Launceston and Bodmin until they were finally transferred to Bodmin in 1838.

Stowford has a fine church in the Perpendicular style. Its parish registers survive from 1707, but there are some fragmentary bishop’s transcripts from before that date; there is no mention of a Tapson in these fragments…because the Stowford Tapsons were, from an early date, moving out of and back into their parish much more.

The story of the Tapsons of Stowford actually begins in the parish of Marystow ten years before the earliest Tapson entry in the Stowford parish registers. Marystow is the parish immediately to the south of Stowford parish; its early registers are quite difficult to read, but the bishop’s transcripts which survive are highly legible.

By 1752 William and Elizabeth Tapson with their children, William, Elizabeth and Anne (Maty having already died), had moved to Stowford, where Robert, Nicholas and Ebsworthy were born and where their son William died at the age of 19. William seems quickly to have become involved in village affairs at Stowford: the bishop’s transcripts were signed William Tapson Churchwarden for the years beginning Ladyday 1753, Ladyday 1760 and Ladyday 1761. William died in 1785. He had married at the age of 39, had his last child when he was 57, and died at the age of 82.


THE BIG RED BOOK 14: what goes up…


In 1800 Nicholas was living in Okehampton with his parents (page 143), but he had moved to Launceston by 1801 and was in Shebbear, near Holsworthy, in 1804 (page 145). However, he was back in Bridestowe for his marriage on 20 February 1810 to Mary Coombe, and the subsequent baptisms of their ten children are recorded in the Bridestowe parish register, as are the burials of four of them as infants: William on 9 February 1817, John on 25 July 1818, Elizabeth on 15 August 1819, and Dionysia on 23 May 1834. Nicholas himself was buried at Bridestowe on 4 January 1833, shortly before the baptism of Dionysia, whose baptismal entry names her father as the late Nicholas Tapson. In his burial entry Nicholas’s age was given correctly as 53.

A census of England, Wales, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands has been held at ten-year intervals from 1801, except in 1941 during the Second World War. The first four censuses did not ask for the names of residents, so for the genealogist the first useful census is that of 1841. From 1841 the census returns list every person in each house on a given night (and night-workers who would return to the house in the morning)…

In the 1841 census exact ages are given only for children up to the age of 14; for adults ages are grouped into five-year bands: 15 is written for the band 15-19, 20 for the band 20-24, etc. In subsequent censuses exact ages were asked for, but not always forthcoming.


The 1841 census for Bridestowe (PRO HO107/231/6 Fo. 7) has the entry:


  • Mary Tapson 45-49 Labourer Born in Devonshire


  • Robert Tapson 11 Born in Devonshire


Mary must be Nicholas’s widow and Robert their youngest surviving child. The 1851 census provides much more detail, including marital status, occupation and place of birth (PRO HO107/1885 Fo. 262):


Bridestowe Village


  • Mary Tapson Head Widow 61 Pauper Devon, Bridestowe


  • John Tapson Son Un 24 Limequarry Lab Devon, Bridestowe


Mary had taken two years off her age in the earlier census in order to put herself into a lower age bracket; her age given here is consistent with her having been married at the age of 20, and dates her birth to about 1790. At 21 Robert had left home, but John was back with his mother. It is a sad observation that the widow of the eldest grandson of Ebsworthy who inherited all the Tapson lands is now classified as a pauper: a sorry tale of riches to rags in two generations.



The Will of Nicholas Tapson dated 18 September 1742


IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN I Nicholas Tapson of Briddestow in the County of Devon Yeoman being in Health of Body and of a sound and perfect Mind and Memory…do hereby make publish and declare this my last Will and Testament . And Whereas in and by certain Indentures of Lease and Release bearing date the first and second days of July One thousand seven hundred and thirty seven upon the conclusion of a Marriage which is since solemnized between Ebsworthy Tapson my Son and Dionissa Burnaford I the said Nicholas Tapson Did thereby convey unto Peter Burnaford Clerk and John Herring Gentleman and their Heirs All that Messuage or Tenement called Easter Bidlake otherwise Little Bidlake otherwise Lower Bidlake To the Use of myself and my Assigns during my naturall Life Subject to the Annuity therein mentioned And after my Death To the Use of the said Ebsworthy Tapson and his Assigns during his Life Subject to the Annuity therein mentioned And after the Deaths of me the said Nicholas Tapson and the said Ebsworthy Tapson To the Use of the said Dionissa during her naturall Life Subject to the Annuity therein mentioned And after the Deaths of me the said Nicholas Tapson the said Ebsworthy Tapson & Dionissa his wife Then to the Use and behoofe of the Heirs and Assigns of me the said Nicholas Tapson for ever Now I hereby Give Devise and bequeath the reversion and Inheritance of All and singular the said Messuage and  Tenement called Easter Bidlake otherwise Little Bidlake otherwise Lower Bidlake with their and every of their Rights Members and Appurtenances unto the said Ebsworthy Tapson my Son his Heirs and Assigns forever…I also Give Devise and bequeath unto the said Ebsworthy Tapson my Son his Heirs and Assigns forever All that my Messuage and Tenement with the Appurtenances called or commonly known by the name of Blatchford situate lying and being in Sourton in the said County of Devon now In the possession of Peter Pellow . I also Give and bequeath unto each of my four Grand Children John Nicholas Robert and Anne Sons and Daughter of my Son Nicholas Tapson deceased the Sum of Five Pounds apiece to be paid them severally when and as they shall respectively attain the Age of Twenty one Years by the said Ebsworthy Tapson…I also Give Devise and bequeath unto the said Ebsworthy Tapson my Son his Heirs and Assigns forever All that my Messuage and Tenement with all its Rights Members and Appurtenances called or commonly known by the name of Ebsworthy situate lying and being in the said Parish of Briddestow But Subject to and chargeable with the Maintenance Apparell Clothing and Education of my Grand Son Henry Tapson Son of my said son Nicholas for and during the Term of his naturall Life I do hereby order direct and appoint That he find and provide to and for Henry Tapson good and sufficient Meat Drink Washing Lodging and Apparell of every sort fit and convenient for a Person of his Degree…I Also Give and bequeath unto John Newcombe of Briddestow aforesaid Yeoman the Sum of Ten Pounds to be paid unto him By my Executor within one Year after my decease In trust to and for the only sole and separate Use Benefit and Behoofe of my Daughter Anne the Wife of William Coombe of Sourton aforesaid Yeoman separate and apart from her said Husband And to be disposed of as she the said Anne shall think fitt without His Controul or Intermeddling therein…I Also Give and bequeath unto Catherine my Daughter the Sum of Sixty Pounds…I also Give and bequeath unto the said Catherine my Daughter the Bed performed in which she usually lyes I also give unto Anne my Wife the Use of my best Bed performed in the Parlour Chamber The Table Board Cubboard and four Chairs in the Parlour, one Brass Pott, one Brass Pan Six Pewter Dishes and Six Pewter Plates such as She shall think proper to choose for her naturall Life And after her Death I Give and bequeath the same unto the said Ebsworthy Tapson my Son . And I do hereby order direct and appoint that the said Ebsworthy Tapson His Heirs Executors and Administrators do and shall at his and their own Cost and Charges maintain educate and provide for my said four Grand Children John Nicholas Robert and Anne until] they shall respectively attain their several Ages of Twenty one Years All the rest and residue of my Lands Tenements Goods Chattles Household Goods ready Money Bills Bonds and Mortgages not herein before given and bequeathed I Give Devise and bequeath unto the said Ebsworthy Tapson my Son And I do hereby make constitute ordain and appoint him the said Ebsworthy Tapson to be the whole and sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament He paying my just Debts Legacys and Funeral Expenses In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my Hand and Seal & published and declared this to be my last Will and Testament the Eighteenth day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty two     Nicholas Tapson